Can Using Baby Powder Down There Really Cause Cancer? A New Investigation Offers More Clues

In 2017, a jury ordered Johnson & Johnson to pay $417 million in damages to a 63-year-old woman in Los Angeles who developed ovarian cancer after using the company’s talc-based baby powder for decades. Like many women who use baby powder to freshen up or reduce chafing between their thighs, on their genitals, or in their underwear, 63-year-old Eva Echeverria was unaware for many years of the potential link between ovarian cancer and talc, a mineral used in some types of baby powder.

It wasn’t the first time the company had been involved in a lawsuit over its popular powder, and it wouldn’t be the last. Earlier that year, a Missouri jury awarded $110 million to a Virginia woman who alleged that her cancer was caused by baby powder. In 2016, Johnson & Johnson was also ordered to pay tens of millions of dollars to several other women—or their surviving family members—who had also developed cancer after using the powder.

Now, 16 months and several billions of dollars in lawsuits later, a Reuters investigation has found that Johnson & Johnson knew for decades that its baby powder could be contaminated with asbestos, a carcinogen that sometimes occurs naturally with talc. Documents show that from at least 1971 to the early 2000s, the company’s talc powders “sometimes tested positive for small amounts of asbestos,” according to the news organization, “and that company executives, mine managers, scientists, doctors and lawyers fretted over the problem and how to address it while failing to disclose it to regulators or the public.”

Johnson & Johnson maintains that its baby powder is not dangerous, and includes an article on its website titled “5 important facts about the safety of talc.” The company declined to comment for this week’s Reuters article, although a lawyer representing the company called the investigation’s claims “false and misleading,” and said that tests cited in the article were “outlier” results.

All of this may leave you wondering, “So … can using baby powder cause ovarian cancer?” Well, here’s the thing: We wish we could give you a resounding, emphatic “no way.” But the answer to this question is murky. Here’s everything we know so far.

So what is talc, exactly?

Talc is a naturally occurring mineral found in baby powders as well as other cosmetic and personal care products, and it’s good at absorbing moisture, cutting down on friction, and preventing rashes. For many years, parents used it to diaper babies, until doctors began discouraging it for health reasons. As for adults, many still use it around their genitals or rectum to prevent chafing or sweating, says Mary Jane Minkin, MD, clinical professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive services at Yale School of Medicine.

As the American Cancer Society points out on its website, talc in its natural form may contain asbestos, a known carcinogen.

The FDA does not allow talc-based products to contain any asbestos. But the trouble is, cosmetics don’t have to be reviewed or approved by the FDA before they land on store shelves, so there’s no guarantee that they haven’t been contaminated.

In light of this concern, the FDA visited several retail outlets in the Washington, D.C. metro area and bought and tested a variety of cosmetic products containing talc across a wide range of prices for a study that ran from 2009 to 2010. They found no traces of asbestos in any of the products.

But of course, that doesn’t prove that all talc-based products are asbestos-free.

Can “asbestos-free” talc cause ovarian cancer?

As of now, it’s unclear. The FDA says that literature dating back to the 1960s has suggested a possible association between talc powders and ovarian cancer.

But “the data is wishy-washy,” says Dr. Minkin. “Some studies haven’t found a connection, and other ones have only shown a small increase in the hazard ratio [or risk]. And there are lots of different variables in these studies for researchers consider.”

For example, one 2013 study analyzed nearly 20,000 people and found that those who used any type of powder down there were 20% to 30% more likely to have ovarian cancer than those who didn’t use any powder. The findings led the researchers to suggest that “avoidance of genital powders may be a possible strategy to reduce ovarian cancer incidence.”

However, the researchers pointed out a few of the study’s limitations: Participants might have overestimated how often they used these products, and not all powders contain talc—some contain cornstarch instead (more on that later).

Then, a 2014 study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute looked at data from about 60,000 women and found no link between powder use and ovarian cancer risk.

Back in 2010, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (part of the World Health Organization) concluded that there is “limited evidence in humans” that using talc-based body power on the genital areas is “carcinogenic,” and stated that using it down there is “possibly carcinogenic in humans.”

Robyn Andersen, PhD, an ovarian cancer researcher at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, says that when she works with women with ovarian cancer, she asks them about their use of talcum powder. “We know it’s a possible risk factor, we just don’t know how [big] of a risk factor it is,” she says.

Andersen says that because the powder is made up of such finely-ground particles, it might be able to travel up the mucus membranes in the vaginal canal and eventually work its way into the ovaries. Once there, the powder might cause inflammation and eventually cancer.

What you should know

On its “Facts About Talc” website, Johnson & Johnson states that “thousands of tests” have repeatedly confirmed that its consumer talc products do not contain asbestos, and cites several studies that found no overall increase in ovarian cancer risk among women who used talcum powder versus women who didn’t. It also cites that FDA study mentioned above, which found no asbestos in Johnson & Johnson’s talc-based baby powder.

That said, if all of this is enough to creep you out—understandably—you’ve got other options besides talc-based powder. Some baby powders (including some by J&J) contain cornstarch instead of talc, and there is no evidence linking cornstarch to ovarian cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.

Something else to keep in mind: when it comes to vaginal health solutions, sometimes less is more.

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Media coverage of disasters can have lasting effects on children’s mental health

In 2018, American children have been exposed to multiple disasters—ravaging wildfires in California, to major Hurricanes in Florida and the Carolinas, and mass shootings in schools and places of worship—all of which have been covered 24/7 by the media. Disaster communication experts at the University of Missouri say disaster media coverage can have lasting effects on children’s mental health and suggest teachers and parents be prepared to respond to questions during and after a catastrophe.

Researchers in the MU Disaster and Community Crisis Center found that teachers and parents might not be prepared to respond to students’ questions and anxieties in the aftermath of natural or human-caused disasters. The coverage can impact children’s mental health, not only in school but in response to future disasters as well.

“Teachers spend seven to eight hours a day with children,” said Jennifer First, program manager at the Disaster and Community Crisis Center and a doctoral candidate in the MU School of Social Work. “They often are the first responders, both directly and indirectly.”

The Disaster and Community Crisis Center developed a step-by-step plan with guidelines on how to discuss disasters with children. They found that teachers commonly don’t know how to answer children’s questions about disasters such as mass shootings or devastating wildfires, or explain why they happen at all.

“Images of disasters stay with kids for a long time,” First said. “That’s why it’s important to be prepared and offer helpful coping methods.”

The researchers surveyed 42 teachers on their preparation in dealing with media coverage of disasters. They also were asked what techniques they felt were needed to help students in dealing with their fears and anxieties. First and her colleagues found that many children bring concern to teachers and parents about why these terrible things happen and what can be done to stop it happening to them. The Disaster and Community Crisis Center includes instructions in their disaster intervention protocols about encouraging safety measures and helping victims. The detailed instructions can be found on their website.

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What drugs in Russia will become cheaper?

At a recent meeting, the Russian Government developed and approved a new method of pricing for essential medicines (EDL). As a result, in Russia may drop the prices of these drugs in 2019-2020: after you have generated rates using the new method. Life understood what medicines are cheaper and by how much.

According to innovations, the price of essential medicines on the Russian market should not be higher than in Belgium, Hungary, Greece, Spain, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Turkey, France, Czech Republic and in the country-the manufacturer.

According to RBC with reference to experts, the price should be no higher than the lowest in the reference countries. In the list, as noted, included those States which are comparable to the Russian economy.
What is cheaper
Specializing in pharmaceutical topics lawyer Nina Belozertseva noted that prices for some essential drugs will be reduced. Moreover, the FAS and the Ministry of health can actively monitor the situation including on the international market.

The experts in the comments do not presume to speak about what meds cheaper. On average, expected the price of essential drugs may drop quite significantly.

In the list of essential drugs falls more than 600 drugs from 4,7 thousand manufacturers. Their government pays for hospitals (current at 2018 list see here). And that they will be new to consider the price.

The prices of medicines set by best canadian pharmacy the government, the producers may submit applications indicating their desired price. The Ministry of health and the FAS confirm these prices or denied.

Experts predict a 10% rise in prices for those drugs that are not classified as vital. Thus, specialists of “Pharmacy Guild” they say that this is due primarily to the increase in the exchange rate. Natalia Kruglova is an expert in the field of pharmacy sales and pharmacy believes that significant price increases will have a negative impact likely on pharmacies.

— Most likely, the expenses incurred by distributors and pharmacies. That is, the amount will be large, and the prices are set as in other countries, with less volume. As for the pharmacies and their survival against this background, there is generally questionable. Because they have such sales of essential drugs, the expert said.

They will shift the costs to be incurred in connection with the establishment of the top price level on the same category — not vital. As the expert noted, the prices will rise also because of the fall of the ruble and the increase in VAT from 18% to 20%.

Millions do it every day: 3 habits that can destroy their liver without alcohol – Video

The liver controls hormone balance and regulates the protein, fat and sugar metabolism in the body. A healthy liver is therefore vital. What few people know is that the damage you add to the Organ not only with too many Drinks, but also with other habits.

The liver detoxifies our bodies by reducing substances and excretes. In addition, it stores vitamins, and produces vital proteins. That excessive alcohol consumption harms the body, many be aware of. But other habits can lead to cirrhosis of the liver or a diseased fatty liver. Which in turn increases the risk for Diabetes, Hepatitis and liver cell cancer.

1. You eat a lot of fruit.

Various studies suggest that fruit sugar, also fructose increases the risk of a fatty liver. Although it is mostly very small studies, or studies in mice, however, experts warn, the impact of fructose on health. While many people of their health for the sake of fat and carbohydrates, care the least on the fructose content of foods. This is 100 grams more fructose Apples than 100 Milli-Cola liters.

Our PDF guide explains the most important functions of the liver and how it symptoms such as Völlegefühle fight.

3. You move too little.

Being overweight is damaging to the liver. Because excess fat the body stores not only the skin but also the internal organs. The tissue secretes, among others, proinflammatory from the messengers. Those who exercise regularly, can prevent a fatty liver.

Sushi-error: you should never do

“About the malignancy of tumors, ideally, can only be judged by a pathologist”

According to various estimates, the percentage of discrepancies between clinical and morphological diagnosis in Oncology is up to 30-40%. Official statistics are not gathered. The most serious errors are those when find cancer where there is none, or, conversely, missing a malignant tumor. Such cases are less, but the consequences are the same incorrectly chosen tactics of treatment, and the sad result.Thus, the farther the patient is from Central hospitals, the fewer the chances of adequate diagnosis.

Who are they cancer patients without morphological verification of diagnosis and stage of the disease, and what to do with them, tried to find out in the Chelyabinsk regional clinical center of Oncology and nuclear medicine. About the first results of a study presented at the recent Moscow International forum of Oncology and radiology, told Mednovosti head. orgettable and cancer register Irina Aksenova.

Easy Workouts You Can Do Without Leaving the Comfort of Your Bed or Couch

Did you skip your workout today? With holiday festivities, cooler weather and darker days upon us, getting out of the house to exercise can be an obstacle to staying fit. But just because you’re not eager to rush to the gym doesn’t mean you should abandon your workout altogether.

The good news is, on the days when the comfort and warmth of your bed far outweigh your desire to get out of the house, you can easily do a mini-workout from your bed or couch. Yes, you read that correctly. Even when your feet are up and Netflix is streaming, you can still squeeze in some exercises.

Exercises you can do from your couch

Parked on the couch? No problem. Jaime McFaden, a trainer with Aaptiv, tells SheKnows that there are a number of basic exercises you can do while sitting on the couch. Some of her favorites include: knee tucks, which work the abs, and stretches, like sitting tall, side bends and the forward fold (reach your arms toward your toes and forward fold). You can do all of the stretching exercises on the couch, bed or floor.

Bicep curls with dumbbells or other weighted items (soup cans work!), dips on the couch, step ups on the couch (make sure your couch is not too soft) and push-ups with hands on the firm part of the couch are also great additions to an at-home couch workout, McFaden adds.

Quianna Camper, a certified personal trainer, tells SheKnows that glute bridges and lat air pulls are also great additions to the list of couch exercises.

Exercises you can do from the comfort of your bed

If you’re guilty of hitting the snooze button in the morning, you’re not alone. But rather than falling back to sleep for a few minutes, why not squeeze in a few exercises while you’re still cozy in your pj’s? Here are two moves McFadden says you can easily do in bed.

If you have more time and want to add to the two stretches, Camper recommends lying leg lifts, sit-ups, bicycles, lying knee tucks, a forearm plank, push-ups, plank twists, Spider-Man crunches, single-leg pelvic thrusts, side plank leg raises and, while sitting up, air jabs.

Mini-workouts you can do on the couch or in bed

Ellen Thompson, a Blink Fitness personal trainer, put together a mini-workout you can do on your couch or in bed. For a total-body workout, perform each move 15 times. Rest 30 to 60 seconds and repeat the circuit one to two more times.

Full -body muscle-activation circuit

Superman with row 

Muscles activated: rhomboids, lats, glutes

Modified push-up

Muscles activated: pecs, triceps, core

Upper ab crunches

Muscles activated: core

Lower-ab knee tucks

Muscles activated: core

Bridges

Muscles activated: glutes and hamstrings

See, there are plenty of options! The bottom line is this: It’s totally possible to work up a sweat even when you’re not up for a trip to the gym (or even going outside).

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A hot bath can partially replace physical exercise

Treatment hot baths helps to reduce inflammation and blood sugar levels in people unable to perform physical exercise, according to a new study published in the Journal of Applied Psysiology.

The physical stress in the form of exercise can cause a transient increase in inflammatory markers. After a workout increases the level of interleukin 6 (IL-6) chemical substances associated with inflammation. In the process of so-called inflammatory response triggers the release of anti-inflammatory substances to counter the unhealthy high levels of inflammation, known as chronic nonspecific inflammation.

Recent studies have shown that the increase in body temperature enhances the inflammatory response and provides a basis for alternatives to the exercises that reduce non-specific inflammation in the body. Previous studies also found a link between the sharp increase in body temperature and the formation of nitric oxide, a substance which promotes blood flow and helps to carry the glucose throughout the body.

The researchers studied markers of inflammation, levels of sugar and insulin in the group of sedentary men with overweight. Participants volunteers were immersed in hot water or sitting for the same time at room temperature (control), between these two types of tests took place at least three days.

The researchers took blood samples before and after staying in the room at a temperature of 27C for 15 minutes. Then, participants either continued to sit in the room, or took a bath with hot water (39S) for 60 minutes, plunging neck-deep into the water. The researchers measured heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature every 15 minutes throughout the period of control and immersion. Blood samples were taken again two hours after each session.

The researchers found that one session of immersion in hot water causes an increase in levels of IL-6 in the blood and increases the production of nitric oxide, but does not change the expression of heat shock protein HSP72 (also important for health). However, a two-week period of treatment by daily hot baths showed a decrease in the level of fasting blood sugar and insulin levels, and reduced nonspecific inflammation at rest.

Men reported discomfort during immersion in hot water that could be associated with high water temperature or length of time in the tub. The researchers acknowledge that these conditions may impede alternative treatment of this kind. However, the positive results of inflammation reduction and the increase in insulin sensitivity suggests that immersion in hot water can improve aspects of the inflammatory profile and improve the metabolism of glucose in sedentary men who are overweight, and may have implications for improving metabolic health in a group of people unable to meet recommendations for physical activity.

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Doctors told how to lower blood pressure without medication

High blood pressure is dangerous because it can lead to the development of cardiovascular disease and cause strokes. As you know, to lower blood pressure help medication. Also to improve the condition of patients, specialists develop special diet and advised to choose the right physical exercises.

But as it turned out, there is another simple way to avoid health problems. An international team of researchers found that lower blood pressure helps exposure to blue light.

The experiment involved 14 healthy men. Their entire body for 30 minutes once a day, subjected to exposure to blue monochromatic light at the wavelength of 450 nanometers. The next day was carried out a control experiment: participants were exposed also blue, but not monochromatic light, for 30 minutes.

Experts explain that for the health of blue light, unlike ultraviolet radiation, not dangerous. The same light present in the day of sunlight, is constantly entering the human body.

During light therapy, as well as two hours before and after the session, physicians recorded the number of indicators of volunteers – blood pressure, pulse, arterial stiffness, the degree of expansion of blood vessels, the level of concentration in plasma nitric oxide.

Then followed the analysis of indicators of the health of patients. It turned out that exposure to blue light reduced systolic blood pressure (also known as the “top” pressure) is almost eight millimeters of mercury. In addition, the participants increased heart rate. In the control test, such effect was not observed.

According to doctors, the General condition of patients was very similar to the condition observed in clinical trials when a person takes the drug to reduce the pressure.

However, it was discovered other positive effects. In particular, exposure to blue light reduced the so-called cardiovascular risk markers, including arterial stiffness. Moreover, the participants improved function of endothelial cells lining the inner surface of blood and lymphatic vessels. Also in plasma of volunteers increased the content of nitric oxide.

Scientists believe that exposure to blue light evoked release of nitric oxide in the bloodstream. When this decreased pressure and increased velocity of blood circulation.

Co-author Professor Christian Heiss (Christian Heiss) from the University of Surrey is confident that the blue light can become the basis of therapies that will help many patients to improve health. This treatment will reduce the dosage of drugs, and in some cases, perhaps, even abandon them (it all depends on how much you want to reduce the pressure).

“Wearable blue light sources can provide a continuous effect is real and practical. This would be especially useful for those whose blood pressure is difficult to control with medications, for example, for elderly people,” — said the Professor, his.

However, the feasibility, safety and long-term effectiveness of new treatment methods professionals remains to be proven in studies with a larger sample of participants, and not only healthy.

The scientific article with a more detailed description of this work published in European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Recently the doctors have set a new gold standard safe blood pressure readings.

We also add that this is not the first study of the impact of blue light on the human body. Previously, the authors of the project “Conduct.Science” (nauka.vesti.ru) reported that such therapy helps to lower stress levels. But the blue light that shines from the screens of gadgets, computers and televisions, destroys the retina of the eye.

AHA: Defibrillators Can Help Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest, Too

FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (American Heart Association) — Sudden cardiac arrest — when the heart stops beating — is one of the leading causes of death in the U.S. To help save lives, automated external defibrillators, which shock the heart back into a regular beat, have been placed in many public places.

Now, these portable AED devices may improve the chance of survival among children and teens, according to a new study presented Sunday at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions meeting in Chicago.

The researchers analyzed statistics in a national database on 971 cardiac arrests in children ages 18 and under that occurred outside a hospital between January 2013 and December 2017. An AED was used 10.3 percent of the time, but rates varied across age groups. For infants, defibrillators were used to help 2.3 percent. But AED use became more common as children got older: 8.3 percent among kids ages 2 to 5; 12.4 percent among those 6 to 11; and 18.2 percent among 12- to 18-year-olds.

Older kids may be more likely to have a bystander use a defibrillator because they may be more likely to go into cardiac arrest in a place, such as a school, that has an AED, said the study’s lead researcher Dr. Heather Griffis, director of the Healthcare Analytics Unit at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

Bystanders might also be afraid to use a defibrillator on infants and preschool-age children out of fear of injuring them, said the study’s senior researcher Dr. Joe Rossano, a pediatric cardiologist at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

“If a child has an arrest, it’s a scary thing,” Rossano said. “People don’t want to do something wrong. But anything you do is going to be helpful.”

Children treated with an AED by a bystander had a survival rate of 29.1 percent, compared to 23.7 percent for children who were not. The rates varied by age and race, with children who were 12 to 18 years old or white having better outcomes than younger children or those who were black or Hispanic. Griffis said similar racial differences also are seen in adults.

“It’s unfortunate that we’re still seeing these disparities across race, ethnicity and neighborhoods,” Griffis said. “But this is a great opportunity for education and to increase availability” of AEDs in neighborhoods that don’t yet have them.

More than 350,000 Americans — including about 7,000 children — experience cardiac arrests outside of the hospital each year. AEDs come with step-by-step instructions that make it possible for people without specialized training to use them.

Dr. Alson Inaba directs pediatric advanced life support classes at Queen’s Medical Center in Honolulu and said the study added important new information on the use of AEDs in children.

Inaba, who was not involved in the research, said that bystanders should start CPR on a cardiac arrest victim of any age after calling 911.

“The bottom line is that starting CPR immediately is your first priority,” Inaba said. “Don’t be afraid.”

Then, send someone to get a defibrillator. “When you combine CPR with an AED, the survival rates increase,” he said.

Indeed, a separate study published earlier this year in the AHA journal Circulation found that survival rates doubled when bystanders used a defibrillator to help an adult who had experienced cardiac arrest before emergency responders arrived.

“Defibrillators work,” Rossano said. “It’s something anybody can do, and the more that are available, the more opportunities there are to save lives.”

Posted: November 2018

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