The cold climate and lack of sun leads to an increase in alcohol consumption and liver disease. To such conclusion scientists from University of Pittsburgh.
The results of the study with reference to the scientific journal Hepatology reports a portal MedicalXpress. “This idea is widespread, but it has not been scientifically proven. Why drink in Russia? Why drink in Wisconsin? This is the first study that consistently proves that around the world in colder regions, where sun isn’t enough, drink more and suffer from liver disease,” explained Professor Ramon Bataller, one of the authors of the scientific article.
The researchers used, in particular, data from the world health organization and the world meteorological Association, in total, were accounted for 193 countries. Also take into account religious factors, limiting the consumption of alcohol in some regions, and local laws in this area. The figures confirmed the common belief that in cold countries where sun isn’t enough, drink more.
The researchers hope that their study will help in the development of social initiatives, aimed at reduction of alcoholism, where it’s really important.
(HealthDay)—For patients undergoing resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), more frequent surveillance is not associated with improved survival, according to a study published in the October issue of the Annals of Surgery.
Timothy L. McMurry, Ph.D., from the University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville, and colleagues examined the potential correlation between the intensity of surveillance following surgical resection for NSCLC and survival. Stage I to III NSCLC patients were randomly selected for data reabstraction. Registrars documented all postsurgical imaging for patients diagnosed between 2006 and 2007 and followed for five years through 2012. A total of 4,463 patients underwent computed tomography surveillance; they were grouped based on time from surgery to first surveillance.
The researchers found that higher-stage patients underwent more surveillance. There was no correlation between more frequent surveillance and longer risk-adjusted overall survival (hazard ratio for six months, 1.16 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.99 to 1.36] and annual, 1.06 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.86 to 1.31] versus three months; P = 0.14). There was also no correlation between more frequent imaging and postrecurrence survival (hazard ratio, 1.02 per month since imaging; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.99 to 1.04; P = 0.43).