Scientists have recommended that women undergo annual breast cancer screening with already 30 years


But not all need be examined only to those who have increased density of the mammary glands, there were cases of cancer in the family, or those who have already suffered the disease. These recommendations have been made at the annual conference of the Radiological society of North America.

Why is it necessary?

In the early stages of cancer usually does not manifest itself, and you can find it only in the survey. But it is much easier to cure before the illness go into running form. Therefore, women after age 40, experts recommend regular screening it is considered that at this age are diagnosed with cancer often.

Recently, however, American researchers compared the data of women aged 30 to 39 years, with rates in women aged 40-49 years. In the first group were risk factors, which we discussed in the beginning, but not the second. It turned out that those and other breast cancer has evolved and recurred with approximately the same frequency.

Therefore, the scientists concluded: women who are at risk need to be screened already with 30 years.

What tests are needed?

Mammography is the standard examination to detect breast cancer. The American cancer society recommends having it every year. At an average of 6 in 1,000 women who came to study, diagnose cancer of the breast.

In addition, you need to:

  1. To check the Breasts themselves

Studies have shown that 40% of cases, cancer was discovered, when the time of self-examination. However, in most cases, the tumor women feel only when it reaches a size of 2-3 cm Is already advanced stage – so home checks may not replace clinical.

This should be done even on young girls regardless of the evidence. But this survey is not much better. Some malignant tumors are located deep in the glands, and the usual probing impossible to detect them.

And that is in addition to palpation and mammography?

Genetic screening, magnetic and ultrasound examination of the mammary glands. However, these methods have not proven as quite effective. You can still get an MRI, but this service is quite expensive. Therefore, mammography is considered the best option.

And the fact that breast cancer is curable, confirms our article “7 famous women who have defeated breast cancer”.

Media coverage of disasters can have lasting effects on children’s mental health

In 2018, American children have been exposed to multiple disasters—ravaging wildfires in California, to major Hurricanes in Florida and the Carolinas, and mass shootings in schools and places of worship—all of which have been covered 24/7 by the media. Disaster communication experts at the University of Missouri say disaster media coverage can have lasting effects on children’s mental health and suggest teachers and parents be prepared to respond to questions during and after a catastrophe.

Researchers in the MU Disaster and Community Crisis Center found that teachers and parents might not be prepared to respond to students’ questions and anxieties in the aftermath of natural or human-caused disasters. The coverage can impact children’s mental health, not only in school but in response to future disasters as well.

“Teachers spend seven to eight hours a day with children,” said Jennifer First, program manager at the Disaster and Community Crisis Center and a doctoral candidate in the MU School of Social Work. “They often are the first responders, both directly and indirectly.”

The Disaster and Community Crisis Center developed a step-by-step plan with guidelines on how to discuss disasters with children. They found that teachers commonly don’t know how to answer children’s questions about disasters such as mass shootings or devastating wildfires, or explain why they happen at all.

“Images of disasters stay with kids for a long time,” First said. “That’s why it’s important to be prepared and offer helpful coping methods.”

The researchers surveyed 42 teachers on their preparation in dealing with media coverage of disasters. They also were asked what techniques they felt were needed to help students in dealing with their fears and anxieties. First and her colleagues found that many children bring concern to teachers and parents about why these terrible things happen and what can be done to stop it happening to them. The Disaster and Community Crisis Center includes instructions in their disaster intervention protocols about encouraging safety measures and helping victims. The detailed instructions can be found on their website.

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Epileptics in high-crime neighborhoods have three times as many seizures

People with epilepsy living in high crime neighborhoods in Chicago had three times as many seizures as those living in neighborhoods with lower crime rates according to new research from the University of Illinois at Chicago presented at the American Epilepsy Society 2018 conference in New Orleans.

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by abnormal brain activity and seizures that affects more than 65 million people worldwide. About one-third have difficulty controlling their seizures even with medication. Seizures can interfere with work, relationships, and the ability to live independently. Previous research has shown that living in neighborhoods with high rates of crime have significantly higher levels of the stress hormone, cortisol. Stress is also a factor that is commonly reported to trigger seizures in people with epilepsy.

The UIC study included 63 adults with epilepsy living within the city limits of Chicago who were participating in a larger study testing the efficacy of a tablet-based educational tool that provides tailored information about epilepsy. That study, called PAUSE, involves patients at the University of Illinois Hospital’s epilepsy clinic and in the Chicagoland community and is facilitated by the Epilepsy Foundation of Greater Chicago.

The researchers determined the levels of crime in neighborhoods of the 63 participants by mapping their zip codes to specific neighborhoods and then cross-referencing those neighborhoods with local crime rates available through the City of Chicago Police data portal. Participants self-reported the number of seizures they had in the past month and in the past three months.

“We found that people living with epilepsy who live in high-crime neighborhoods experienced significantly more seizures,” said Jessica Levy, a research coordinator in the UIC department of neurology and rehabilitation who presented the findings. “On average, people in high-crime neighborhoods had three seizures versus one for people living in low-crime neighborhoods when we looked back over the last 30 days. Over the course of 90 days, people in high-crime neighborhoods had seven seizures on average compared to three for those living in low-crime neighborhoods, so the link between crime and seizure activity is significant.”

The researchers found no overall association between neighborhood crime status and the duration of epilepsy or between crime status and poverty.

Having more seizures can significantly lower quality of life. Seizures that result in falls can cause bruising or even broken bones. There can also be a stigma associated with having a seizure in public.

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