USPSTF: Evidence lacking for prevention of child maltreatment

(HealthDay)—The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence on the benefits and harms of primary care interventions for preventing child maltreatment is currently inadequate. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Meera Viswanathan, Ph.D., from RTI International in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to update evidence on interventions provided in or referable from primary care to prevent child maltreatment. Data from 22 trials with 11,132 participants were included.

The researchers identified limited and inconsistent evidence on the benefits of primary care interventions, including home visitation programs to prevent child maltreatment. Interventions were not significantly associated with reports to Child Protective Services or removal of the child from the home. There was no evidence relating to harms of these interventions. Based on these findings, the USPSTF concludes there is currently insufficient evidence to weigh the benefits and harms of primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment (I statement).

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