Estrogens and health, excess, deficiency, examination

The contents

Estrogens – what role do they play?

Excess estrogen symptoms

Without estrogen women would not have the chance at motherhood, attractive appearance and sexual attractiveness, but also for healthy and strong bones, adequate levels of good cholesterol and effective metabolism. However, an excess of estrogenis the risk of many serious diseases, including cancer of the breast. Magicforum found out all about these hormones.

Sex hormones are responsible for proper functioning of many internal organs, affect our psyche and sexual orientation, make women attractive and Mature for the role of the mother. Sex hormones control all of our lives, why hormonal balance is extremely important.

Estrogens – what role do they play?

One of the most important hormones for women are estrogens that are produced mainly in the ovaries, but also, although to a much smaller number, placental tissue and adipose tissue. This is a group of hormones that consists of:

•Estradiol (it is most important in the female reproductive period is produced in the ovaries and in men in small amounts in the testes)

•Estrone (the main estrogen in the postmenopausal period)

•Estriol (the weakest has the biological effect of all the estrogen).

Effect of estrogen on the body is very wide:

•affects the reproductive system

•responsible for the development of the mammary gland

•regulate the menstrual cycle,

•support the development of the muscles of the uterus,

•increase hydration of the vagina.

Estrogens also affect the urinary system, accelerate metabolism, protect blood vessels, increase the concentration of “good” LDL cholesterol, maintain bone mineralization. The list is very long. However, estrogens can also affect the development of many serious diseases, including many types of cancer, including:

•breast cancer,

•cancer of the uterus,

•ovarian cancer,

•lung cancer,

•colon cancer,

•cancer of the prostate.

That is why it is so important to control the correct level of this hormone.Excess estrogen and an estrogen deficiency can have very serious consequences for our health.

Excess estrogen symptoms

Excess estrogen is hyperestrogenism, which in women is mainly manifested in the menstrual cycle. Too much production of these hormones is the result of many diseases, wrong diet, stress, or can be hereditary. Excess estrogen leads to embolism and clots, swelling and gallstones, so don’t underestimate the symptoms that accompany elevated levels of these hormones. You need to check the estrogen level, if you notice most of the following symptoms:

•sensitive Breasts


•weakened libido

•irregular menstruation,

•headaches and migraine,

•mood swings,

•weight gain,

•hair loss,

•cold hands and feet,

•chronic fatigue,

•problems with concentration and memory

•sleep problems,

•frequent cramps, especially in the lower extremities,

•nausea and vomiting.

Estrogen levels can be reduced through use of medicines and changes in your daily diet. It should exclude foods rich in natural estrogens, called phytoestrogens.

Estrogen in men

Excess estrogen in men cause changes in their appearance, and one of the symptoms is gynecomastia, the appearance of the so-called male Breasts. People with such symptoms should seek the assistance of andrology, which will choose the right therapy. Levels of estrogen can also be lower, giving up Smoking and consumption of beer, because the hops are particularly rich in phytoestrogens.

The estrogen deficiency – symptoms

Low estrogen levels are influenced by many factors. The estrogen deficiency at an early age may cause hypoplasia of the ovaries, Swyer syndrome, Turner’s syndrome, in older women may be the result of premature attenuation of ovarian function or the entry in the postmenopausal period. The estrogen deficiency may also be the result of anorexia, extreme physical stress, pituitary insufficiency and alcohol abuse. Deficiency of estrogen is manifested by symptoms of psychological and physical nature, namely:

•irritation and depressed mood,

•problems with concentration,

•sleep disorders,

•constant fatigue,


•hot flashes,

•sweating, especially at night

•weight gain,

•dryness of the eyes, skin, vaginal,


•reducing libido.

Estrogen – a study

The appearance of symptoms characteristic of a deficiency or excess of estrogen, should be a signal that you need to check the levels of these hormones in the blood. This survey is conducted on an empty stomach, i.e. at least 8 hours after the last meal. It is assumed that the provisions of estrogen for women are:

•Estrone – reproductive period 17-200 ng /, in the postmenopausal period 7-40 ng / l

•Estradiol – the norms are different in different phases – the follicular phase: 30-120 ng / l (110-440 pmol / l), ovulation: 130-370 ng / l (477-1358 pmol / l), luteal phase: 70-250 ng / l (257-917 pmol / l). In postmenopausal period the normal estradiol level is 10 ng / L.

•Estriol is less than 80 ng / l

In men, the standard estrogen:

•Estrone: 10-60 ng / l

•Estradiol: 10-40 ng / l

•Estriol: 160 ng / l

Phytoestrogens – a natural estrogen

Phytoestrogens, also called phytohormones, are substances of plant origin, which resemble the chemical structure of estrogens, but their effect is much less.

Plant hormones can be divided into:


•stilben (resveratrol)

•flavonoids (isoflavones)

Most of the phytoestrogens contain soy beans and legumes. Plant estrogens are also found in many herbs such as red clover. Popular estrogenic herbs – alfalfa, Valerian, sage and hops.

Estrogen in food

If you have deficiencies of estrogen, you should change your daily diet. Particularly rich in plant hormones:

•vegetables (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, beans, onion, garlic),

•fruits (citrus, grapes, apples, pear, black currant),



•grains like barley, rye and wheat.

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